January 11 2008

Solarsiedlung by Rolf Disch

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?Maximizing the use of solar energy and minimizing heat loss? - Rolf Disch

The Solarsiedlung or ?solar village? is Europe?s most modern solar housing project.  Solarsiedlung is the housing portion of a larger development which also includes an office/housing block called Sonnenschiff (solarship).  The project?s goals are to follow both the German Passive House and Plus Energy House directives as well as show good stewardship of the environment through material selection, appliance choice, energy consumption, transportation options, and construction method.  By being part of the Plus Energy House initiative, each house can be referred to as a power station. 

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The Solarsiedlung is located in the ?solar capitol? of Germany, Freiburg.  The project includes 58 residential units.  The housing is designed to be modern and dense and provides terraces and gardens for the residents.  The homes are a mix of private owned and others which are held by the Freiburg Solar Fund.

Solarsiedlung_Image 01 The layout of the project is based on solar orientation.  The terraced houses face south and the distance between buildings is governed by the need to allow solar radiation to passively heat each house and provide solar insolation.  The houses are between two an three stories tall.

Solarsiedlung_Image 04Energy for the project is provided mostly by the sun, though in the case of electricity no onsite storage is provided so energy is fed into the grid and extracted as needed.  Heat energy is generated by a local network of solar hot water evacuated-tubes located on the Sonnenschiff.  The hot water is then used for heating water and the spaces.  Electricity is generated by ?solar energy plants? or pv panels mounted on the housing units.  The electricity produced is fed into the public grid and a profit is made because of the higher rates paid to solar energy producers.  Any additional energy required in the winter months is provided by a wood-chip fuelled power station.

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Rainwater is passed through a biotope to be purified and also to relieve pressure on stormwater drains and also to help recharge groundwater in the city.  Some rainwater is captured for use as irrigation of the garden or used as greywater for toilets or showers. 

Solarsiedlung_Image 11 Layout of the building further illustrates the concepts of Passivhaus and Plusenergiehaus.  Disch uses ?all the tricks in the book.?  Some of these strategies include large glazed openings on the south facade to maximize solar gain and small openings to the north to minimize heat loss.  Vacuum insulation is used on opaque portions of the facade and is an innovative strategy in this application.  Triple glazing is used to reduce heat loss through the facade.

Solarsiedlung_Image 08 The massing of the buildings also helps to reduce energy consumption by allowing the low sun angles of the winter to penetrate the houses.  Light is admitted in the winter to heat and lighting the spaces.  High sun angles in the summer months are screened both by the terraces and the solar array on the roof.

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For more information on the project visit the Rolf Disch website or take a look at another project he designed called Heliotrope.

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January 11th, 2008 at 3:36 AM

Greenline » Heliotrop by Rolf Disch

[...] Plusenergiehaus standard for energy savings and production.  Rolf Disch, who also designed the Solarsiedlung project, used many technologies to create this [...]

January 12th, 2008 at 3:33 AM

Vila Solar em Freiburg, Alemanha « EcoTecnologia

[...] Via Greenline [...]

June 5th, 2008 at 8:56 PM

Thin Film Solar Panels

I feel very similar on this topic but have some new ideas also. I will start a new thrread.

April 6th, 2009 at 12:06 AM

Eliane Drummond

Congratulations for this project! It must be more spreading to be followed, as example. Mainly in the poor countries that have solar ligth in abundance.

May 28th, 2009 at 7:36 AM

dilip somaiya

very innovative marvel. outstanding. i wish i can adopt your technology in india which is tropican and more suitable for conditions here. pl. send your views on the same. if you have your technoligy to other countries. congratulations for helping eco world.

May 30th, 2009 at 4:01 AM

Domestic Solar Power

Domestic Solar Power... I agree with what you wrote here at SET Energy " Blog Archive " Obama & Co: Make 2009 Year of Efficiency. Good points there....